Carbon Capture & Storage

Click on the above picture to go to the Guardian’s interactive introduction to carbon capture technology

US CO2 emission 2011 (Source: EPA)

Fossil-fuel burning thermoelectric plants account for between 30 and 40% of total CO2 emissions worldwide. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology is touted as a way to rapidly mitigate CO2 emissions by capturing the CO2 at thermoelectric power plants and storing it deep underground. CCS consists of 3 steps:

  1. Trapping and separating the CO2 from other gases,
  2. Transporting this captured CO2 to a storage location,
  3. Storing that CO2 far away from the atmosphere (underground or deep in the ocean)